Singapore From 1511 To 1819 History Essay

Singapore/Temasek, one time a strategic international port-city, remained a minor port for 300 old ages of all time since the early 16th century, after Portuguese ‘s invasion of Melaka and before Raffles ‘s reaching to SingaporeA? . However, although it was worsening during this period, Singapore was still a booming department store, with the H2O around it heatedly contested.

Looking back on history, as is revealed by the Dutch/Portuguese studies, maps and light archeological grounds dating back beyond the nineteenth century, Singapore was ever a strategic topographic point. “ Strategic ” is a comparative term, here mentioning to both the physical location and dynamic human-related factors of Singapore.

Located at the southern entryway of the Straits of Melaka, which, together with Sunda Straits, is a most important nautical channel associating the South China Sea and the India OceanA? , Singapore is at one of the most geographically strategic topographic points in the nautical universe. In order to continue to the South Sea or the India Ocean, ships had to sail around the southern seashore of Singapore. In add-on, ulterior finds of other passs around Singapore once more contribute to the significance of this geographical significance. As a consequence, the control of the Waterss around Singapore became heatedly contested for the accorded benefits on security and economic. For the care of such a strategic presence in the Waterss, it was necessary to set up a naval outstation in the close vicinity.A? Thus, Singapore became a strategic topographic point to the Malays of Melaka and Johor, and besides the Europeans that take part actively in the trades through this passs as the place base

Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p52

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p64.

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p65.

of theirt naval arm and as a seaport whose trade they desire to control.A?

The competition for the Waterss around Singapore arose in the early sixteenth century. It was ab initio between Aceh, a rival port-polity situated at the northern tip of Sumatra, and the Johor tribunal, which was the dominant of johor at that clip. The European powers were drawn into the struggle in the undermentioned two centuries. Primely, it was Lusitanian, who chose to ally with Aceh. In 1530 and 1587, the Portuguese launched two onslaughts severally on Sayong Pinang, the first Johor Sultanate istana, and Johor Lama, the 2nd capital of the Johor Sultanate. In the late sixteenth century, VOC ( the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagine, besides named the Dutch East India Company ) enter into the Straits of Melaka rival Portuguese as an extension of the Eighty Years War in Europe. By the beginning of the seventeenth century, the struggle was between the confederation of Butch and the Johor Sultanate and the confederation of Portuguese and Achenese.A?

The go oning competition led Portuguese and Dutch think about set uping garrisons in the Strait of Singapore. The chief consideration for the Portuguese was for better security screen for their merchandiser transportation. As far back as 1584, the Portuguese coquette with the thought of constructing a garrison in the Waterss around Singapore and some of their officers proposed constructing a garrison in the passs of Singapore. Nevertheless, these treatments did non ensue in affirmatory action, as the Viceroy of Goa, Don Francisco da Gama thought that an armada in the Waterss would function better for disincentive against Dutch maritime onslaughts. On the other manus, the Dutch concerned about happening better places to escalate the strength of the onslaught against the Lusitanian commercial transportation, which was germinating into a profitable enterprise.A? Same as the Portuguese, the Dutch besides came up with programs to set up garrisons around the Waterss. They contemplated the same topographic points as the Portuguese. Finally, the Dutch chose Johor as a topographic point where their commercialism and trade had to

Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p62

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p73,74.

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p74.

preserve at any cost. However, It was non good accepted by their confederation Johor as they do n’t desire Dutch ‘s ground forces in their thick. In 1603, Dutch captured Portuguese ‘s carack, Santa Catarina filled with goods which sold at an astonishing 3,500,000 guilders by auction. Lusitanian neither got the goods back nor succeeded to penalize the Johor Sultanate which aided the Dutch in this event. Having suffered such a great loss, the Portuguese reconsidered edifice s garrison in the Waterss around Singapore. A? In the 1620s, Jaques de Coutre, a Jaish-i-Mohammed merchandiser travelled though Southeast Asia for many yearsa?? , advised constitution of a garrison in the Straits of Singapore, together with other two garrisons someplace else. Noteworthily, he gave a elaborate proposal about the location and benefits of the garrisons. Meanwhile, in his proposal, Jaques de Coutre remarked Singapore Island as holding one of the best ports in India.A? In 1613, Aceh attacked Batu Sawar, got valuable goods and captured some agents at the VOC mill at that place and besides several curates and members of the royal household of the Johor Sultanate. This incident led the Dutch to see set uping a garrison in the Waterss once more. In 1614, a Dutch squad went to Batu Sawar and convinced the Johor tribunal the necessity of a garrison. In malice of all these considerations and programs, the Dutch ne’er set them into realisation for rather a figure of grounds, such as personal penchant and deficiency of money.A?

After the ferocious competitions, Singapore, the booming port-settlement were remained merely a fiddling small town. It seems that Singapore stagnates for a piece. However, there were still bargainers and merchandisers coming, such as Alexander Hamilton, the English state bargainer came to Singapore in 1703. It is more a short sleep than a entire slumber.

In the late eighteenth century, the Melaka Strait and the Waterss around Singapore once more became a cardinal transition having to the trade between China and India.a?? While

www.borschberg.com Jacques De Coutre, “ information about edifice some Castles and Fortresses in the Straits of Singapore and Other parts of the South, etc. , c.1625 ” , original Spanish text with Enlish interlingual rendition and notes by Peter Borschberg

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p76.

A? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p78

a?? Kwa Chong Guan, Derek Heng and Tan Tai Yong, Singapore a 700-Year History From Early Department store to World City ( Singapore: National Archives of Singapore, 2009 ) , p81

decennaries subsequently, there came Stamford Raffles and the modern Singapore emerged.

From all above, we can pull the decision that, from 1511 to 1819, Singapore is a worsening but still booming department store astraddle heatedly contested strategic Waterss and it is ever a strategic topographic point.