Provision Of Paediatric Wheelchairs Health And Social Care Essay

This study highlights the chance to better the entree clip of publishing wheelchairs for kids and immature people populating in Bexley borough. As portion of this study a needs appraisal has been carried out to find the extent and nature of the unmet demand and to do recommendations for bettering the entree times. These recommendations are farther explored through Process function to better the entree clip for the service.

Key countries of betterment identified by demands appraisal for users of the Wheelchair service focussed on:

Seasonably supply of equipment bettering entree.

The supply of a scope of wheelchairs to guarantee it was appropriate for single demands

Improved quality and seasonableness of fixs

Regular service

As a consequence of this the undermentioned precedences were identified:

Current Issues


Delaies in proviso

Map the present procedure flow and place any delays/change to show tract

Address holds in care through effectual direction of the care contract, including more effectual usage of information systems to place constrictions

Key countries of betterment identified by Process function are as follows

Current Issues


Provision of equipment after 6- 8weeks from assessment twenty-four hours

Provision of equipment on the same twenty-four hours of appraisal for 80 % of the pediatric referrals by altering the procedure by early designation of the equipment to be issued

Lack of standardization

Standardise referrals into clinical classs

Delay in procurance due to raising orders through procurance systems and procedure holds

Pre arranged Consignment stock with wheelchair suppliers for a whole twelvemonth and bringing within same twenty-four hours

Lack of storage infinite for wheelchairs

Hold Consignment stock in wheelchair companies


Paediatric Wheelchair service

The demand to better paediatric wheelchair services was outlined by the Government in February 2009 in Healthy lives, brighter hereafters: The scheme for kids and immature people ‘s wellness. This flagged that improved entree to wheelchair services was to be one of the cardinal countries of focal point for the extra & A ; lb ; 340m available to the NHS in 2009-12 to better proviso to kids with disablements and complex medical demands. It besides noted advanced attacks to the proviso of wheelchairs that meet the scope of clinical, educational and societal demands.

This was confirmed in a missive to PCT chairs in April 2009, which set out the following cardinal results sing the proviso of wheelchairs to kids and immature people:

Improve entree to wheelchairs for kids who need them

Reduce waiting times for appraisal and proviso

Needs Assessment

Paediatric wheelchair service is an of import service country as any hold in proviso of the wheelchairs or entree to care can adversely impact the clients due to their implicit in disablements and complexnesss. Any hold can impact their Physical, societal and mental well-being of the single hence justifying a rapid entree to the service. In order to place cardinal countries of betterment a needs appraisal was carried utilizing the undermentioned cardinal stairss:

Desktop analysis of bing informations related to wheelchair and community equipment proviso for handicapped kids and immature people in Bexley. This included the current system for proviso including standards, features of bing users, bing stock on issue, attention tracts and waiting times, ongoing support, serving and care, and reprinting procedures. It besides included analysis of costs of the scope of cardinal elements that make up the services supplying wheelchairs and community equipment

Survey of parents/carers to guarantee that the positions and experiences of a broad scope of users and possible users were gathered. This focused on service use, satisfaction degrees, waiting times, unmet demands, surrogate proviso, betterments and precedences for development. Surveies were sent to the parent/carers of all active clients aged 0-18 of the Wheelchair service ( 192 ) , all kids and immature people on the Disabled Children ‘s Register ( 446 ) and any households supported by the two Occupational Therapy services who are non registered ( 28 ) ..

Interviews with parents/carers. 11 parents/carers who responded to the study indicated a willingness to take part in interviews or concentrate groups. The little Numberss meant it was more appropriate to carry on interviews with these parents/ carers, predominately via telephone. 9 parents/carers were interviewed and the positions of a parents/carers group were besides sought.

Interviews with cardinal stakeholders. Staff from cardinal administrations were interviewed to discourse the informations identified in the desktop analysis, unmet demand, barriers to entree and quality and emerging findings. Key stakeholders included:

Cardinal staff from Bexley Wheelchair Service, including contractors

Cardinal staff from the scope of services supplying and funding community equipment

Staff from a scope of other services back uping handicapped kids and immature people

Staff from particular schools and mainstream schools with handicapped students

Staff from 3rd sector administrations back uping parents of kids with disablements

The cardinal elements of the specifications, key and extra informations and beginnings of information can be summarised as follows:

Wheelchair service:

Component of specification

Key informations

Additional informations



Staff interviews

Parent interviews



Pressure alleviating equipment

No. kids necessitating


Type of equipment needed



Waiting times/lists

Waiting between phases

Repairs and serving

Causes of hold

Extra technician clip required












Children and immature people with mobility demands

The undermentioned analysis of the features of kids and immature people with mobility demands is based on anonymised demographic information about current 0-18 users of the Wheelchair Service.

Geographic spread

Current wheelchair users are most normally from Erith, Welling and Barnehurst, with about half of bing users coming from the North of the borough, merely over a 3rd from cardinal countries, and 14 % from the South of the borough. These proportions were loosely reflected in the responses to the study, with most respondents from Erith and Welling.

Under 18 Wheelchair Service users by place location


Merely over one-third of current users under 18 are female ( 37 % ) , with the staying 63 % male.


Around 50 % of users are aged 12-18, with around 40 % primary school aged and 5-10 % ( depending on the informations beginning ) aged under 5. At present there are peculiar extremums of clients aged 5 or 6 ( 18 % ) , aged 11 ( 11 % ) and aged 16 ( 15 % ) .

Under 18 Wheelchair Service users by age


There is presently no ethnicity informations entered on the Wheelchair Service database. Over three quarters ( 76 % ) of respondents to the study whose kids had mobility demands were from a White background, with 11 % from a Black background. This was a somewhat ( 2 % ) lower proportion of BME households than the mean across all respondents to the study.


There are two beginnings of information about the diagnosing of current wheelchair users – the database and a client list provided by the service.

Under 18 Wheelchair Service users by age and cardinal disablement ( based on client list )

The database indicates that over half of all clients are listed as holding a Non specific disablement. Two tierces of these are listed as holding an Other Non-Specific disablement. Just under one one-fourth have a Neurological disablement and around 10 % are listed as holding an Unknown General Disability. While most of these proportions are comparatively similar across age sets, there tends to be a higher proportion of Neurological disablements for kids under 5, more Non-specific disablements for primary elderly kids and a higher proportion of Unknown General Disabilities for striplings.

Analysis of current proviso of pediatric wheelchairs

Existing system for supplying pediatric wheelchairs

Wheelchairs for eligible Bexley occupants are all provided via the Bexley Wheelchair Service, irrespective of age. It presently works with around 4000 clients and has an overall budget of around & A ; lb ; 250,000, although it is reported to be & amp ; lb ; 400,000 per twelvemonth to run. Approximately & A ; lb ; 2,200 per hebdomad is dedicated to the purchase of equipment, comparing to & A ; lb ; 114,400 per annum ( 46 % of the entire budget ) .

Service construction

The service presently employs WTE staff – three healers ( Band 6 and 7 ) , one therapy helper ( Band 4 ) and two portion clip administrative helpers:


Band 4

Band 6

Band 7


WTE staff






The service has experienced decreases in staffing over recent old ages, including a 45 % decrease in administrative staff clip ( from 1.8 FTE ) and the loss of a Band 8 service director. As there is presently no specializer pediatric wheelchair healer employed by the service kids and immature people are assessed and supported by the general wheelchair therapy staff.

Three extra support maps are outsourced as follows:

Repair and care ( Serco ) . This contract will be retendered for 2010-11 onwards. Paediatric fleet chairs and current stock are specifically mentioned within the care specification.

Rehabilitation technology ( Kings College Hospital ) : 2 yearss per hebdomad to stipulate and hold versions, with 0.5 of these yearss allocated to reexamining the quality of care provided by Serco

Specialist siting proviso – Southwark PCT

While cardinal information about proviso is recorded in a Wheelchair Service database, this has important restrictions in relation to the quality and fullness of informations inputted, distinction between different episodes of attention, and the current installations for analysis and coverage.


Respondents to the study were asked a series of inquiries associating to the grade to which they felt their demands were being met, the velocity of proviso of facets of the service, experience of other beginnings of wheelchairs, and extra demands.

Overall, this indicated that the countries where users were more likely to experience their demands had been met were the proviso of an appropriate chair and specialist support with 70-75 % bespeaking their demands had been met either satisfactorily or really good. This dropped below 60 % rhenium. fixs and to merely half in relation to service.

Feedback that needs had non been met good was comparatively consistent, with around 15 % bespeaking this rhenium. proviso of an appropriate chair and fixs. This was somewhat higher ( 18 % ) rhenium. service, but lower ( 10 % ) rhenium. curative support. This left around 15 % open about how good their demands had been met rhenium. chairs and therapy, and 30 % open about serving and fixs.

Wheelchair service users – Degree to which needs met ( Survey )

The primary country where the demands were unmet was in relation to waiting times to entree the service including the appraisal and proviso of a wheelchair.

Waiting times

Data Collection and the information truth has been an on-going issue as lone basic informations associating to timescales is presently available via the Wheelchair Service database. It is slightly limited to the initial referral day of the month and the most recent day of the month of issue of equipment. The restrictions are as follows

There is no information about specific elements in the attention tract i.e. clip from referral to assessment ; appraisal to ordination of chairs ; telling to bringing to service ; bringing to issue of equipment.

The initial referral day of the month remains the same, irrespective of whether extra chairs are issued. In some instances there are old ages between referral and issue day of the months – but it is ill-defined if this was the delay for the first chair, or the clip from initial referral to the most recent issue.

Due to these disagreements a manual audit of waiting times was undertaken to formalize the available informations.

Analysis of waiting times is based on informations associating to chairs issued over the past 5 old ages ( 2005-2009 ) . However the information for 50 % of these instances indicates clients have waited from 2 to 5+ old ages for a chair. While there have been studies in the study and interviews of delaies of over 1 twelvemonth, they have non indicated that this extended to this long for this many clients, and hence the information for 2+ old ages wait has been disregarded. The staying information indicates the undermentioned figure of instances sing waiting times from referral to publish of chair:

30 yearss

60 yearss

90 yearss

180 yearss

1 twelvemonth

1-2 old ages


















































% of instances

21 %

21 %

14 %

19 %

14 %

12 %

This indicates that less than 50 % of users receive a wheelchair within 2 months of referral, with one-quarter holding to wait for over 6 months.

These have changed over the old ages, with increasing Numberss having a chair within 1 month. There is merely really hapless informations for 2007, with no chairs issued in less than 3 months ( and 70 % of all instances listed as taking 3-5+ old ages ) . Those waiting 1-2 old ages have besides late increased – idea this could be due to extra chairs being issued.

Waiting times – Referral to publish of chair 2005-09 ( Database )

Feedback from the study gives more elaborate information the waiting times around specific countries of the service.

Initial appraisal of demand – Almost half ( 45 % ) of respondents study holding to wait over 1 month, with half of these waiting 1-2 months, and the balance waiting two or more months. Around one-quarter wait 2-4 hebdomads, and one tierce waited up to two hebdomads.

Provision of equipment – This is the component of the service with the longest reported waiting times, with about half ( 48 % ) of respondents describing waiting over two months. Over one-fourth of respondents reported having equipment within 2 hebdomads, with half of these having them within a hebdomad.


The analysis of current proviso and feedback from users has identified a scope of precedences for the proviso of pediatric wheelchairs.

Service country



Understate the hold in proviso of wheelchairs

Significant holds due to system issues and tract issues

Wheelchair Service

Standardization of referrals into the service in footings of clinical precedences.

Lack of standardization

Due to miss of standardization tract holds.

Delay in procurance due

to raising orders through


and procedure holds

Pre arranged Consignment stock

with wheelchair suppliers for a whole

twelvemonth and bringing within same twenty-four hours

Lack of storage infinite for


Hold Consignment stock in wheelchair


Procedure function

Based on the demands assessment the cardinal countries identified for betterment was entree times to service and wheelchair proviso. In order to better the entree clip without increasing the staffing resources it is imperative to map and understand the present pathway/process and place any holds and restraints which could be altered. The benefits of this procedure flow tools being

Provides a ocular index of the whole procedure

Provides fact based procedure description as footing for understanding current jobs and chances

Enables squads to rapidly see betterment chances within the procedure.

Helps squad see how a procedure should work one time they eliminate waste

( George et al 2005 )

This direction tool was considered chiefly due to the fact that it aligns with Pathway flows and provides an immediate lucidity of alteration to procedure.

Existing Process/Pathway for supplying pediatric wheelchairs

The current attention tract for the proviso of wheelchairs or roadsters to kids and immature people are as follows:

Referral received – reviewed by healer ; prioritised

Either – following scheduled appraisal clinic in particular schools or waiting list

Consultation with healer ( perchance with therapy helper and/or rehabilitation applied scientist )

Research into appropriate equipment, including compatibility.

Equipment sourced, ordered or reconditioned

Delivery of equipment to service

[ Rehabilitation technology – as required. See below for procedure ]

Issue of equipment to household ( may be by sanctioned menders ; healer ; therapy helper ; rehabilitation applied scientist )

Each episode of attention is closed one time the equipment is handed over, and any farther questions become new episodes of attention. Cases remain active while the equipment is on issue to a Clinics are provided in specials schools twice per term on norm. These consist of assignments which are booked in progress for each kid when there is equipment to be issued, or appraisals or reappraisals to be completed. Parents normally attend these assignments. If kids can be seen at a clinic, they are booked an assignment at the following available clinic. Children may be put on a waiting list if they do non go to a Particular School or if it will be quicker or more convenient to see a kid at place, another clinic or mainstream school, peculiarly if the demand is for short periods of outdoor usage merely.

Current Pathway/Process

The above diagram inside informations the present process/pathway by alining with the patient flows. Looking at the procedure there is a hold from the clip of appraisal to the proviso of the wheelchair to the clients. This specific facet was explored farther ; the present tract means that one time the patient has been assessed the healer usually undertakes the research to place what wheelchair is indispensable and so orders via the procurance system. Once this is been approved by the budget holder the order takes between 6- 8weeks to be delivered following which a 2nd assignment is given to the patient for publishing the wheelchair. This causes a hold of about 8- 12 hebdomads for publishing the chairs. The present procedure is adopted because of following grounds

Lack of standardization of referrals in footings of clinical precedence into patients necessitating standard wheelchairs ( 80 % ) of the wheel chair users and complex ( 20 % ) of the wheelchair users

Referral signifiers do non incorporate sufficient clinical information to do informed determination.

Lack of storage to for stock wheelchairs to be issued coupled with fiscal gimmick of pre-ordering the stock points

Trust Standing fiscal instructions on order being raised via procurances systems and subsequent blessing by assorted service directors.

These holds could be addressed by changing some of the procedures and tracts with no extra resource demand.

Proposed new Process/pathway

Reviewing bing tract and procedures highlighted the cardinal countries that need concentrate. A reappraisal was undertaken looking at the patient flows into the system. The patients are referred from both Gp ‘s and other wellness attention professionals into the service for appraisal and proviso of the wheelchair. The bing referral signifiers do non capture sufficient clinical information so that a clinical determination on equipment ( wheelchair ) could be made. Majority of the wheelchair users fall under two chief classs those necessitating a standard wheelchair with small alterations ( 80 % ) and those necessitating modified bespoke wheelchairs for complex conditions ( 20 % ) . By robust referral signifiers a determination could be made whether a standard wheelchair is required looking at the referral signifiers. This in bend will help to order or stock the standard wheelchairs so that we can publish the wheelchair on the same twenty-four hours of the appraisal. This will assist to supply the wheelchair on the twenty-four hours of appraisal as opposed to waiting for 6-8 hebdomads station appraisal

This would understate the figure of procedures involved to accomplish the same consequence in an efficient mode. The other issue is the deficiency of storage if we pre-order the wheelchairs based on the referrals. Alternatively a cargo stock could be held with the wheelchair companies whereby bringing of the wheelchair could be achieved on the same twenty-four hours of demand.

Recommended New Process/Pathway

Keeping the cargo stock for the whole twelvemonth besides eliminates the demand to order through the procurance system as the charge would be done at the yearend for the cargo stock. This in bend would fix the bringing clip and at the same time will assist to understate the clip spent on perennial orders for single clients.

Restrictions of the proposed tract

The proposed tract will non cut down the entree clip for complex conditions as complex conditions still needs to be assessed earlier telling as they need made-to-order equipments. However keeping consignment stock will cut down the procurance holds by 2-3 hebdomads. There is a opportunity of mistake when we issue a wheelchair based on the referrals entirely or the presenting client might hold a different demand from what has been described in the referrals.


Irrespective of the restrictions of the proposed tract it still provides a fantastic chance for clients holding a wheelchair on the same twenty-four hours of appraisal bettering their quality of life. Changeless reappraisal and audit of the service is indispensable for the go oning success of the undertaking.