Old Age An Incurable Disease Health And Social Care Essay

Health is a cardinal issue and cardinal human right associated with addition in length of service of population ageing. The care of wellness position and working with age is a critical factor impacting upon many other facets of the lives of aged, their household and communities.

Ageing is a natural procedure which is inevitable and therefore being the terminal of the human life rhythm. Perceiving ageing with fright is recent phenomenon, it seems to be increasing each twenty-four hours, as universe become more complex and moreover ripening is associated with diminution in functional ability which affects all elderly peoples. Aged have limited regenerative abilities and more prone to disease, syndrome and illness than grownups.

“ Old age is an incurable disease,

You do non mend old age but

You protect, promote and extend it ” . – James Sterling Ross

The figure of individuals above the age of 60 old ages is fastly turning, particularly in India. India is the 2nd most popular state in the universe has 76.6 million people at over the age of 60, representing above 7.7 % of entire population. The most obvious manifestations of old age are alterations in physical visual aspect such as furrows looking on the face, greying of hair, limitation of motions and more prone to chronic unwellness. Too often, older grownups suffer from the emotional side effects of ageing such as feeling of hurt and anxiousness sing their hereafter, solitariness and societal isolation. The major country of concern is the wellness of the aged with multiple medical and psychosocial jobs which have an impact on functional ability of aged.

Functional disablement in the elderly is defined as an acquired trouble in executing basic mundane undertakings or more complex undertakings needed for independent life Davidson. ( 2011 ) .

The most common job facing aged people is functional disablement that leads to dependency and institutionalization. The functional disablement in the elderly includes three dimensions: physical, emotional, and mental public presentation.

The population of functionally disabled aged is turning quickly. The figure of aged who suffered with functional disablement due to arthritis, shot, cognitive damage, anxiousness and emotional hurt is expected to increase at least 80 per centum by 2049.

Functional disablement limits the liberty of older people, introduces dependance, and reduces the quality of life and increase the hazard of nursing place admittance. Surveies have shown that the proportion of elderly individuals who can non travel and are confined to their bed or place scopes from 77 per 1000 in urban country and 84 per 1000 in rural countries.

The household and community play a critical function in the attention of a functionally handicapped aged. The supportive attention for aged with functional disablement is the major concern which includes early rehabilitation with equal nutrition, fluids, scope of gesture exercising, 2nd hourly place altering ; skin attention and reexamining medical follow up. This will enable to forestall the development of complications such as infection, bed sore, irregularity, motion incapableness, urinary piece of land infection, deep vena thrombosis, musculus wasting and contractures with attendant malformation in the elderly.

Surveies shown that bulk ( 70 % ) of the aged over 60 old ages with functional disablement are anticipating the demand of attention by the health professionals to execute their day-to-day activities. Health professionals are the 1 who is ever present with the elderly client, fulfilling their demands and work outing their jobs. The health professionals of the elderly may be their partner, childrens or some other paid health professionals. The engagement of health professionals in caring the aged 1s has been a aid to make a great assurance in the aged to execute some sort of activities of day-to-day life and besides it has profound consequence on aged reaction to medical intervention, emotional version and rehabilitation. To implement the attention for aged it is necessary that health professionals must be cognizant of functional disablement in the aged to supply supportive attention.

BACKGROUD OF THE STUDY:

By reexamining the agency study 2009, globally aged population will increase from 595 million to 2 billion, a four crease rise by 2050, in footings of proportion 10 % in 2000, 15 % by 2025 and lift to 21.6 % by 2050.

Aging population is an end merchandise of demographic passage, the figure of older grownups aged above 60 old ages is increasing and they are going larger per centum of over all population.

In India, it is estimated that the aged population has grown from 12.6 million in 1901 to 80.93 million in 2010 and India is the 2nd largest state consisting aged in the whole universe and is likely to touch 300 million within following half century. Data available from India suggest that about 50 per cent of the aged suffer from chronic diseases with the prevalence of diseases increasing with lifting age from 39 per cent in 60-64 old ages to 55 per cent in those older than 70 old ages.

Research by the National institute of ageing studies that 80 % of the aged are populating with chronic conditions. Most of them are able to run into their ain demands but merely 25 % of them require a particular type of attention. More than two 3rd of the aged ( 22 % ) live independently in a household puting. It is estimated that 10 % of the aged need some signifier of long term attention in the place.

Prevalence of assorted functional disablements bit by bit increases with progressing age, starts at the age of 60 old ages and do a turning demand for aid particularly after the age of 65 old ages. Aging procedure and alterations in life manner form such as chronic alcohol addiction, smoke, usage of baccy, sedentary life manner, fleshiness, deficiency of exercising and improper nutrition during the immature age has led a hazard of chronic disease conditions among aged population which consequences in 70 % of disablement doing elderly more dependent on household and health professionals.

Eden. ( 2000 ) stated that old age is still perceived as a insouciant agent for seeking dependance in executing day-to-day activities and the factors often doing dependence are age, gender, falls, illness etc.

A big population of today ‘s ripening is dependent on the household members for their wellness care. Approximately 54 % of the aged above 60 old ages are dependent, 24 % of them are partly dependent and 22 % of them are independent in executing their day-to-day activities. The dependance on others for run intoing the assorted demands will bring forth a felling of physiological and psychological dependance among the aged. The prevalence of unmet demands for functional disablement in the aged due to vision jobs is approximately 4.3 % , 22.6 % due to hearing job, 32.5 % due to stationariness, 50 % due to cognitive damage, 62 % due to troubles in activities of day-to-day life, 35 % due to chronic unwellness, 25 % due to psychological and societal jobs among those aged 60 and older.

The engagement of health professionals in caring the aged will assist to make a great assurance in aged to execute some sort of activities of day-to-day life. Approximately 4.1 million health professionals are involved in intense attention giving. Hence the attention giving is non merely the duty of wellness professionals but besides the household members, relations, friends and even non- professionals who cares for the aged in place.

Need FOR THE STUDY:

Progresss in engineering and the combination of high birthrate and worsening mortality in 20th century have resulted in rapid and big figure of elderly people worldwide particularly in developing states. In every state, the proportion of people aged over 60 old ages is turning faster than any other age group.

Aging causes legion alterations in the physiology of human existences which decreases functional ability. This in bend makes them dependent on health professional. Inadequate attention consequences in falls and depression among older grownups.

Among the aged, the focal point is non merely on cut downing disease related morbidity and mortality, but besides on advancing optimum wellness and guaranting disability-free old ages. The literature states that the consequence of functional disablement will hold an consequence on quality of life among elderly, as the elderly become dependant where the health professionals should play a major function in taking attention of such aged individual. Health professionals are the 1 who is ever present with the elderly client, fulfilling their demands and work outing their jobs. It is necessary that health professionals must be cognizant of functional disablement in the aged to supply supportive attention.

Investigator, during her clinical poster and community posters came across many aged with functional disablement such as loss of control in organic structure motions, functional stationariness and associated coexisting unwellness who were dependent on their health professionals for their day-to-day activities. While interacting with their health professionals the research worker came to cognize that they are non holding equal cognition sing the effects of functional disablement and the attention needed for the aged. Investigator felt that, aged with functional disablement need some signifier of long term attention in the place. If the health professionals had the cognition they would assist the aged in taking attention of their wellness to forestall farther complications. So the research worker felt the demand to measure the cognition sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals to develop penetration on the demands of older grownups.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

A survey to measure the cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals at selected scenes in Chennai

Aim:

To measure the cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals at selected scenes in Chennai.

To tie in the cognition sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention with selected demographic variables among health professionals at selected scenes in Chennai.

Operational Definition:

Buttocks: In this survey buttocks refers to the procedure of garnering information as expressed by the health professionals in response to the semi-structured interview agenda and analysing it with the statistical method.

Cognition: In this survey cognition refers to the consciousness about functional disablement and its supportive attention as expressed by health professionals as response to the semi-structured interview agenda and analysing to the statistical method.

Aged: In this survey the aged refers to the people above 60 old ages who are available in the infirmary and community.

Health professionals: In this survey the health professionals refers to the household members, relations and paid non – professional individuals in the age group from 21 old ages to 65 old ages who are taking attention of the aged.

FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY: In this survey the functional disablement refers to divergences from the normal or customary map of an person within any of the three dimensions i.e, physical, emotional or societal accomplishments necessary for an independent life.

SUPPORTIVE CARE: In this survey the supportive attention refers to the attention which is provided to back up the functionally handicapped aged in run intoing their day-to-day demands.

Setting: In this survey puting refers to the topographic point or type of milieus from where the sample is collected i.e, community and infirmary scene.

Premises:

The cognition on the functional disablement in the elderly and the supportive attention among the health professionals will change from equal to inadequate.

The cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and the supportive attention among health professionals will be influenced by the selected demographic variables.

Boundary line:

The samples are the health professionals of the aged available in the community puting i.e, Thoraipakkam, Navalur and those admitted to the two infirmaries i.e, V.H.S multi forte and Dr.Kamakshi memorial infirmary. Time period of informations aggregation is limited to one month.

PROJECTED Result:

The consequences of the survey will project the cognition degrees of whom sing assorted functional disablements in the elderly and the supportive attention needed.

The cognition degrees will foreground the demand for educating the health professionals on assorted jobs of functional disablement

By measuring this demand, we can explicate the assorted methods of educating the health professionals on common jobs of functional disablement and it supportive attention in the elderly.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

A construct is an image or symbolic representation of an abstract thought. Conceptual models are interconnected constructs or abstractions that are assembled by virtuousness of their relevancy to a common subject Polit and Beck ( 2001 ) . It is a device that helps to excite research and the extension of cognition by supplying both way and drift. A model serves as a spring board for scientific promotion.

A conceptual model serves as a usher, to place consistently and exactly defined relationship among the variables. It gives an thought to the chief position and common subject of the research that is a ocular diagram by which the research worker explains the country of involvement.

Model:

The conceptual model adopted for the survey is based on “ PENDER ‘S HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL ( 1987 ) ” .

Health publicity is, “ directed towards increasing the degree of good being and self realization in a given person or group ” .

This theoretical account focuses on the three facets,

Modifying factors.

Cognitive perceptual factors.

Participating in wellness promoting activities.

MODIFYING Factors:

It refers to the situational, maturational, socio cultural, personal and biological factors.

In this survey, it refers to the demographic variables like age, gender, matrimonial position, educational position, occupational position, household income, type of household, any old experience of taking attention of the aged, relationship with the client, history of any present diseases in elderly individual, grade of physical dependence, hours spent in the attention of the elderly individual, any old information on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention.

COGNITIVE PERCEPTUAL FACTORS:

In this theoretical account, cognitive perceptual factors have of import motivational significance. These variables can be modified through nursing actions.

In this survey it refers to the cognition of health professionals sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention in the facets of disablement in the elderly, vision jobs, hearing jobs, loss of control in organic structure motions, memory damage, functional stationariness, activities of day-to-day life, importance of exercisings, coexisting unwellness, psychological jobs and household support.

PARTICIPATING IN HEALTH PROMOTING ACTIVITIES:

Engagement of health professionals in this survey is considered as one of the wellness advancing behaviour as this will assist the health professionals to be cognizant of their bing cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention, which enhance through the advices given.

CUES FOR ACTION:

The responses of the health professionals sing their cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention provide cues for nursing action like support and besides making consciousness in footings of early rehabilitation of functionally disabled aged with equal nutrition, fluids, scope of gesture exercising, 2nd hourly place altering ; skin attention, reexamining medical follow up, supplying assistive devices, helping in day-to-day activities, emotional support, prosecuting in societal activities, advancing comfort and psychological support.

MODIFYING COGNITIVE PERCEPTUAL PARTICIPATING IN HEALTH

FACTORS FACTORS PROMOTING BEHAVIOUR

KNOWLEDGE OF CAREGIVERS REGARDING FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY IN THE AGED AND ITS SUPPORTIVE CARE:

Information sing wellness advancing behaviour includes,

Disability in the elderly

Vision jobs

Hearing jobs

Loss of control in organic structure motions

Memory damage

Functional stationariness

Activities of day-to-day life

Importance of exercisings

Coexisting unwellness

Psychological jobs

Family support

Engagement of health professionals in the survey and sharing information sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention

DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES:

Age

Gender

Marital position

Educational position

Occupation

Family income

Type of household

Relationship with the client

Any old experience of taking attention of the elderly

Hours spent in the attention of the aged individual

Any old information on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention

History of any present diseases in elderly individual

Degree of physical dependence

Support

Adequate cognition

Arousing the cognition of health professionals sing functional disablement and its supportive attention through semi-structured interview agenda

Moderate cognition

Inadequate cognition

Cues for nursing action

FIG.1 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK BASED ON PENDER ‘S HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL ( 1987 )

Chapter II

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Reappraisal of literature AIDSs the research worker to understand what already known in relation to job of involvement and what remains to be known. It helps to be after and carry on the survey in a systematic mode. It is defined as reviewing and analysing the work of literature in relation to the specified subject in research – Simai Haji Mati.

This chapter deals with selected surveies and articles which are related to the aims of the proposed survey. For the present survey an extended reappraisal of literature relevant to analyze was undertaken and is presented under the undermentioned headers.

Part I: General information about ripening, functional disablement in and its supportive attention.

Part II: Surveies related to functional disablement and its supportive attention in the elderly.

Part III: Surveies related to knowledge of health professionals of aged on functional jobs and its supportive attention.

Part I: General information about ripening, functional disablement and its supportive attention.

Ageing is the procedure of optimising chances for wellness, engagement and security in order to heighten quality of life as people age. It applies to both persons and population groups. Aging allows people to recognize their possible for physical, societal, and mental wellbeing throughout the life class.

Harmonizing to Stephan John. ( 2009 ) Ageing is denoted as,

Young old – 65-74 year.

Middle old – 75-84 year.

Older old – 85 and older

Darnton. ( 1995 ) , emphasized that quality of old age people depends chiefly on psychological well being, perceived wellness position with independence in run intoing self attention demands.

Normal Ageing procedure:

The ageing procedure creates profound alterations that there will be 1-2 % diminution in functional ability per twelvemonth. Normal Ageing brings about the alterations in physiological, Social and Psychological good being – Judith A. McCann. ( 2003 )

Physiological aging procedure:

Changes in organic structure composing, decrease in bone mass and strength, decrease in blood volume, decreased motility of the big intestine, alterations in autonomic map, reduced snap of oculus lens, high tone hearing damage and decreased motor and centripetal map.

Social and psychological ripening procedure:

Feeling of hurt, anxiousness sing their hereafter, solitariness, depression, heartache, unhappiness, and societal isolation.

However, some of the above effects of ageing can be slowed by prosecuting in intercessions that improves result in the wellness events.

Functional disablement in the elderly is defined as an acquired trouble in executing basic mundane undertakings or more complex undertakings needed for independent life. It is an of import wellness index in the elderly, endangering quality of life and doing heavy societal impact with long-run institutionalization and increased usage of medical attention.

Reducing functional disablement in the elderly is a major challenge for public health- Frazil. ( 2005 ) , public presentation in functional disablement includes three dimensions: physical, emotional, and mental public presentation. Physical public presentation relates to the organic structure ‘s centripetal and motor map. Emotional public presentation is measured through the persons ‘ version to assorted events in their lives. Mental public presentation is evaluated through trials that measure the persons ‘ rational and rational capacity.

The causative factors for functional disablement are as follows:

Vision jobs, hearing jobs, loss of control in organic structure motions, memory damage, functional stationariness, troubles in executing day-to-day activities, deficiency of physical exercisings, coexisting unwellness, psychological jobs and household support.

The effects of cardinal disablement include walking, raising objects, mounting stepss, reading standard-size print and hearing perturbations, short-run memory loss, perturbation in day-to-day activities, freak out to clip and topographic point, cut downing mobility and societal activities. The attention necessary for the effects of functional disablement are early rehabilitation with equal nutrition, fluids, scope of gesture exercising, 2nd hourly place altering ; skin attention, reexamining medical follow up, supplying assistive devices, helping in day-to-day activities, emotional support, prosecuting in societal activities, advancing comfort and psychological support.

By over sing the assorted informations sing functional disablement in the elderly will thereby assist the health professionals to forestall farther complications and besides supply supportive attention for the elderly.

Part III: Surveies related to functional disablement and its supportive attention in the elderly.

Felix. ( 2001 ) stated that disablement is systemic ; no organic structure system is immune to its consequence. From his statement it is evidenced that run intoing the ego attention activities and physical care are indispensable for pull offing the effects of disablement.

Nandi Manju. ( 2002 ) stated that as ripening additions there will be diminution in functional ability, which is compromised with good nutrition, assistive support, with psychosocial concerns and with medical attention.

Steffen Been. ( 2005 ) proposed a statement that there will de diminution in cognitive and functional abilities of old age due to uninterrupted devolution of legion encephalon cells which aid them to obtain a to the full reliable attention from caretakers.

Frey. ( 2006 ) stated that reduced degree of physical activity and turning figure of chronic unwellness that frequently increase with age, often create barbarous circle of unwellness, and related functional disablements that has inauspicious consequence on activities of day-to-day life. In this statement, he highlighted that lessening in functional ability makes the single to go more dependent and need constant support and supervising.

McDougall. ( 2006 ) conducted a cohort survey to place the prevalence of memory damage among 265 older grownups by agencies of study method and the consequences showed that 29.4 % ( 78 persons ) of them had memory damage in the ulterior grownup period.He besides concluded that those with worsening memory are less cognizant of their shortages in run intoing activities of day-to-day life.

Human research centre for ageing. ( 2006 ) stated that immobilisation, loss of control in organic structure motions and falls need non to be the effect of life to advanced age all this may be prevented through musculus strengthening and scope of gesture exercising which has reported benefits of self-generated activity by the old age people.

Stark.et.al. ( 2007 ) conducted a correlational survey to measure the wellness position of functionally disabled aged under the supervising of establishment and household by agencies of wellness index appraisal graduated table and the consequences showed that the older grownups who having the attention such as equal nutrition, fluids, scope of gesture exercising, 2nd hourly place changing, skin attention, reexamining medical follow up and take parting in household activities are in the household are holding moderate wellness position than the older grownups in the institutionalised attention.

Zbylut J. ( 2007 ) conducted a national study to measure the wellness position of older individuals and prevalence of common wellness jobs among aged above 60 old ages. The study consequences shows that a big figure of older individuals were enduring from one of more age-associated chronic diseases like osteoporosis, degenerative arthritis, dental jobs, ocular jobs, cognitive damage and depression which may impair their functional ability and quality of life.

Kart berg. et.al ( 2010 ) conducted a descriptive survey to measure the functional ability among the aged by agencies of questionnaire in the facets of physical, mental and societal abilities and the survey concluded that low functional ability lead to dependence and nerve-racking environment for the elderly which once more increase the hazard of complications.

Lawton and Brody. ( 2010 ) described that appraisal of functional ability frequently includes rating of persons ability to transport out activities of day-to-day life which is an early sensitive index to advance quality of life of old age people.

From the above surveies the research worker identifies the prevalence, impact of functional disablement in the elderly and the of import facets of supportive attention for the aged. It helped to explicate the demand for the survey and besides helped to place the major countries which should be included while explicating the aims.

Part IV: Surveies related to knowledge of health professionals of aged on selected functional jobs and its supportive attention.

Skalska.et.al. ( 2007 ) conducted a cohort survey with the purpose to measure the cognition on assorted countries of functional jobs among 62 health professionals of aged at hazard by agencies of questionnaire and the samples are ( 78 % household members and 22 % not related ) consequences revealed that merely 41 % health professionals had knowledge on functional jobs such as ( vision, hearing, and memory jobs in the aged ) and 59 % were non cognizant of functional jobs chiefly in cognitive and societal jobs.

Chelma.et.al. ( 2009 ) conducted a exploratory survey to place the steps on direction of functional jobs of aged among 629 health professionals by agencies of cheque list, the consequence revealed that 47 % of them were cognizant on the common steps and 53 % were incognizant on common steps on direction of functional jobs among aged.

Through these surveies the research worker understands the importance of health professionals awareness on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention which helped me to explicate the tool.

CHAPTER – Three

Methodology

This survey was undertaken to measure the cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals at selected scenes in Chennai.

This chapter on methodological analysis includes research attack, research design, puting, population, standards for choice of sample, sample size, trying technique, informations aggregation tool, development and description of the tool, cogency of the tool, pilot survey, informations aggregation process and program for informations analysis.

RESEARCH DESIGN

A non experimental descriptive design was chosen for this survey.

RESEARCH APPROACH

Research attack was descriptive in nature.

Setting OF THE STUDY

The scene of the survey was chosen on the footing of feasibleness, in footings of handiness of equal samples from infirmaries and community.

Voluntary Health Services Hospital, Adyar, Chennai.

Dr.Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, Pallikaranai, Chennai.

Community- Thoraipakkam and Navalur.

Population FOR THE STUDY

The population of the survey consists of the health professionals of the aged in selected infirmaries and in the community.

Sample OF THE STUDY

The health professionals of the aged within the selected infirmary and in the community who have fulfilled the inclusion standards.

CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF SAMPLES

Inclusion standards:

The health professionals who are taking attention of the aged with functional disablement.

The health professionals in the age group of above 20 year.

Both male and female health professionals of elderly people.

Health professionals who are willing to take part.

Exclusion standards:

The health professionals who are included in the pilot survey.

The health professionals of the aged who are independent in making their day-to-day activities.

Care givers who do non understand and pass on in Tamil or English.

SAMPLE SIZE

The sample size of this survey is 60 health professionals of the elderly people at selected scenes, Chennai.

Sampling Technique

Purposive sampling technique is used in this survey.

DATA COLLECTION TOOL

The information was collected from the health professionals utilizing semi-structured interview agenda.

Description OF THE TOOL

The tool prepared in this survey was based on the information gathered from the reappraisal of literature ; aims of the survey and the personal and professional experience of the research worker. It consists of two parts

Part – I: It consists of demographic variables like age, gender, matrimonial position, educational position, business, household income, type of household, any old experience of taking attention of the aged, relationship with the client, hours spent in the attention of the elderly individual, any old information on functional disablement and supportive attention, history of any present disease in elderly individual and grade of physical dependence of the aged.

Part – Two: It consists of 11 inquiries which have three parts to measure the cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals utilizing semi-structured interview agenda.

SCORING Procedure:

In portion II:

In first inquiry, portion ( A ) the correct option carries one grade ; the incorrected option carries zero grade. In portion ( B ) each option carries one grade.

For all other inquiry from ( 2 to 11 ) , The first portion of each inquiry carries one grade for each ‘YES ‘ option and no grade for ‘NO ‘ options. And the 2nd and 3rd portion of each inquiry carries one grade for each option.

Therefore a sum of 10×1=10 for first portion of inquiry

46×1=46 for 2nd portion inquiry

38×1=38 for 3rd portion inquiry

Sum of 94 Markss will be awarded under the cognition sing functional disablement in aged and its supportive attention among health professionals. It is interpreted in per centum as:

Adequate cognition: Greater than 75 %

Moderate cognition: 50-75 %

Inadequate cognition: Less than 50 %

VALIDITY OF THE TOOL

The tool used in this survey was validated by the experts in the field of general medical specialty and Medical surgical nursing.

PILOT STUDY

The pilot survey was conducted in Voluntary wellness service infirmary, Dr.Kamakshi memorial infirmary, Thoraipakkam and Navalur community country, Chennai from 20.7.12 to 25.7.12 after obtaining the permission from the several caputs of the organisation.

Wholly 6 health professionals ( 2 from each of the infirmaries and community country ) who fulfilled the inclusion standards were selected purposively, to generalise the survey. After set uping good resonance survey was explained and consent for engagement in the survey was obtained from them.

Interview agenda method was used to roll up informations from the patients. The responses were analyzed by utilizing frequence and per centum distribution method and the consequences were interpreted.

Recommendation OF THE PILOT STUDY

Based on the pilot survey findings, few corrections were made in semi – structured interview agenda.

The inside informations of corrections made were:

Part -I ( Demographic informations )

Any old experience of taking attention of the elderly

Yes

No

If yes specifyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

11. Degree of physical dependence,

Mugwump

Partially independent

Dependant

The above recommendation was incorporated in the semi- structured interview agenda.

PROCEDURE FOR DATA COLLECTION

After the pilot survey probe, the research worker selected the health professionals who fulfilled the inclusion standards by purposive sampling technique in the selected scenes viz. V.H.S multi forte infirmary, Kamatchi memorial infirmary, Community country – Thoraipakkam and Navalur in Chennai for chief survey. The period of informations aggregation for chief survey was from 23.07.2012 to 18.8.2012. Wholly 60 health professionals, who fulfilled the inclusion standards were selected by purposive sampling technique. Self debut was given by the research worker and so the intent of the survey was explained and the informed consent was obtained. The research worker collected informations from the health professionals sing demographic informations such as age, gender, matrimonial position, educational position, business, household income, type of household, any old experience of taking attention of the aged, relationship with the client, hours spent in the attention of the elderly individual, any old information on functional disablement and supportive attention, history of any present disease in elderly individual and grade of physical dependence of the aged and the informations about cognition sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention by utilizing semi-structured interview agenda.

Plan FOR DATA ANALYSIS

Both descriptive and illative statistics was used.

Descriptive Statisticss

Frequency and per centum distribution were used to depict demographic informations.

Frequency and per centum distribution was used to measure the cognition sing functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals.

Inferential statistics

Chi square was used to tie in the cognition on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention among health professionals with selected demographic variables such as age, gender, matrimonial position, educational position, business, type of household, any old experience of taking attention of the aged, hours spent in the attention of the aged individual and any old information on functional disablement in the elderly and its supportive attention.