Occupational Therapy In Brazil Health And Social Care Essay

Brazil is located in Latin America. It is the 5th most populated state harmonizing to the US Department of State ( US Department of State, 2010 ) . Brazil is place to an estimated 196 million people ( US Department of State, 2010 ) . As indicated by the Brazilian authorities, Brazil is a presidential democracy. The state is frequently referred to as “ The Federative Republic of Brazil ” ( Brazilian Government, 2005 ) . The Brazilian authorities developed a policy named “ Zero Hunger ” . The “ Zero Hunger ” policy is described in this position:

Zero Hunger is a public policy that aims at eliminating hungriness and societal exclusion. It is a policy because it expresses the Federal Government ‘s determination to see hunger a cardinal national issue, instead than an single human death. It is public because apart from the State it involves society as a whole ( Brazilian Government, 2005 ) .

Brazil has public and private options for health care. In mention to the Brazilian authorities the populace health care is established for public intervention. An illustration of this development is “ preventive and outpatient attention with plans being carried out in rural countries: sanitation, nutrient safety and attention for the aged, adult females and kids ” ( Brazilian Government, 2005 ) . Improvements for public and private health care are still turning ( Brazilian Government, 2005 ) . The state of Brazil has been influenced by Indian, European, and African civilizations. The influences of these states have created norms for the Brazilian people. For illustration, music is a widespread usage in Brazil that dates back to the seventeenth century ( Brazilian Government, 2005 ) . Brazil has six occupational therapy schools. To go an occupational healer in Brazil, a pupil must finish four to five old ages of occupational therapy course of study at the offering university. Depending on what university the pupil attends that will find the continuance of their schooling ( World Federation of Occupational Therapists, 2004 ) .

Based on the research found for occupational therapy, Brazil appears to hold a impulsive focal point toward people with physical disablements. Most of the research found pertained to physically handicapped grownups. However, there were few surveies refering paediatricss every bit good. For the most portion, the focussed research highlighted physical disablements in the upper appendage. In add-on, research was found that supported rehabilitation services, incorporates theoretical accounts for handicapped grownups returning to work, supports theories based on reappraisal, and functional promotions for individuals who are disabled. “ In occupational therapy, we assist a population whose day-to-day modus operandi reveals disorganized “ making ” and that faces troubles in take parting in the societal and cultural universe ” ( Takatori & A ; Bemtempo, 2007, p. 48 ) . This was quoted from a Brazilian survey for kids, but it could be taken into consideration for all degrees of occupational therapy. The undermentioned paragraphs include research from Brazil used to educate the universe of occupational therapy.

“ Work-related manus injures: Case analyses in a Brazilian rehabilitation service ” is the survey conducted by Sampaio, Mancini, Sliva, Figueiredo, Vaz, and Alves, 2006, p. 803. This survey promotes the thought that the “ consequences of this survey provide grounds for functional additions in clients treated in a rehabilitation service and supply information about the relation between specific constituents and functional public presentation ” ( Sampaio et.al, 2006, p. 803 ) . This survey by Sampaio et al. , 2006, was designed to picture the alterations in patients who underwent therapy at infirmaries in Brazil. The intervention began after the patient had a work related accident. The accident resulted in the patient holding an upper appendage disablement. The patient was observed by an occupational healer at two different times. The first clip was at the entryway of intervention, and the other was at the release of their intervention. The writers included outside measurings in their survey. “ The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure ( COPM ) was used to measure participants ‘ self-perception of their occupational public presentation and satisfaction. COPM is a standardised functional appraisal instrument in the format of a semi structured interview based on proposed for client-centered pattern ” ( Sampaio et al. , 2006, p. 805 ) . After rehabilitation was completed the clasp strength of the patients had improved. Besides there was an addition of the COPM at the clip of discharge ( Sampaio et al. , 2006, p.806 ) . In add-on, more research by Figueiredo, Sampaio, Mancini & A ; Nascimento et Al. ( 2006 ) besides agrees that having intercession particularly occupational therapy will increase the COPM and the clasp strength. After the survey was completed the research shows that people who have rehabilitation therapy will see “ important addition in grip strength values, with average value at discharge demoing to be twice the magnitude observed at admittance ” ( Sampaio et al. , 2006, p. 807 ) . “ in Brazil, few rehabilitation services presently use client-centered functional rating tools in clinical pattern, and most are non familiar with such instruments. However, client-centered attacks are going popular within rehabilitation installations, particularly in North America ( Sampaio et al. , 2006 ) . This survey in Brazil is good for traveling rehabilitation research frontward because it demonstrates how research from other states can be implemented. This shows that holding states create research together can heighten a common end. Besides, the research illustrates how there are positive results for this subject. Occupational healers oppugning the thought of rehabilitation services for manus therapy can read this survey, and so explicate their ain sentiments based on the findings of Sampaio and other research workers.

Another research titled named “ Disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and manus ( DASH ) : Factor analysis of the version adapted to Portuguese/Brazil ” by Cheng, Sampaio, Mancini, Fonseca, and Cotta ( 2008 ) besides has a focal point on upper appendage disablements. DASH has been used in a practical scene, and has been converted into other linguistic communications for the enrichment of shared research ( Cheng et al. , 2008 ) . The intent of this survey was “ To look into the psychometric belongingss ( concept and know apart cogencies ) of the translated and validated version of DASH in the Lusitanian linguistic communication ” ( Cheng et al. , 2008, p. 1901 ) . Since this is the first public presentation of the Brazilian Dash:

Another facet to be considered is that this is the first survey to analyse the public presentation of the points in the Brazilian version of the instrument, which along with the scarceness of the surveies that investigate public presentation of the instrument points, hinders comparings ( Cheng et al. , 2008, p. 1908 ) .

Sing how Brazil is now implementing the method of DASH shows that they are seeking to spread out their cognition. Brazil is teaming up with other states to use research. Since occupational healers might be easing intervention to individuals with upper appendage disablements, building research for this job in this state is of import. Due to the fact that Brazil has “ strong fabrication, agribusiness, excavation, and service sector ” ( Frumkin & A ; Ca^mara, 1991, p. 1619 ) , the demand for DASH and occupational therapy could efficaciously assist the handicapped workers.

One article “ describes the application of a theoretical account for analysing industrial undertakings that was developed to place occupations that could potentially be filled by people with disablements ( DP ) and to function as a guideline for a company hiring policy ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto ( 2008 ) , p. 150 ) . “ Analysis of industrial undertakings as a tool for the inclusion of people with disablements in the work market ” is the name of the article ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 150 ) . This theoretical account could be used in other states where seen tantrum. In the states where handicapped people want to work, a theoretical account would be a good foundation to re-start employment. “ A study conducted in 1997 by the United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organization found that 10 % of the universe ‘s population has some signifier of disablement ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 151 ) . Brazil has about 20 million people who are handicapped harmonizing to the World Health Organization ( WHO, 1996 ) . However, merely 2 % of the DP have a everyday occupation. Brazil contributed this research on the footing that “ in Brazil, Law No 8213/91 makes it obligatory to engage DP based on the quotas that are established harmonizing to the figure of employees in a public and private company ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 150 ) .

“ The theoretical account consists of three phases: analysis of the undertaking, survey of the activity and description of the occupations indicated for DP. Each occupation involves a set of undertakings that can be subdivided into phases or subtasks ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 153 ) . In the kingdom of occupational therapy this research will utilize “ a set of methods and techniques based on the ergonomic work analysis and on occupational therapy, we sought to construct a theoretical account to bespeak the accomplishments required to execute industrial undertakings ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 150 ) . “ The theoretical account was applied at 19 workstations at a Brazilian aircraft industry in 2002 ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 150 ) . Occupational therapy patients desiring to acquire back in the work force could perchance execute this theoretical account ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008 ) . “ The theoretical account would so function as a usher in the company ‘s policy for engaging DP ” ( Simonelli & A ; Camarotto, 2008, p. 153 ) . By Brazil carry oning this research and developing this theoretical account, occupational healers can seek to acquire their patients back to work across the universe. In add-on, if the theoretical account shows independency for their peculiar patient they can demo their grounds to the employer.

Based on extra research found kids are another focal point of Brazilian geographic expedition. For illustration, the article “ The deductions of Winnicott ‘s theory of drama for the work of occupational therapy ‘s observation with kids with physical disablements ” demonstrates that “ drama is an activity that reveals personal facets of the individual prosecuting in it ; and play experiences embody facets of the topic ‘s internal world, harmonizing to D. W. Winnicott ‘s theory ” ( Takatori & A ; Bemtempo, 2007, p. 47 ) . This survey brings the thought of measuring the handicapped kid in their place. There were three kids that participated in the survey. All three of the kids had a physical disablement. The end of this survey was to demo how of import it is to detect a kid. This survey demonstrates that if an occupational healer can detect and see how a kid dramas, they can in turn make advancement with the handicapped kid. One article conveyed that “ it is the construct of drama that we use to understand the individual with disablements, his/her activities and his/her societal engagement ” ( Takatori & A ; Bemtempo, 2007, p.50 ) . With this being said drama observation can be put into pattern in alone therapy Sessionss.

The focal point of occupational therapy in Brazil appears to be on disablements based on the research found. However, this does non intend it is the most popular, most of import, or most well-known. Brazil is in the procedure of doing their research more assessable to people of other states ( Barreto & A ; Barata, 2008 ) . In add-on:

Brazil is the lone Portuguese-speaking state that has a web of scientific diaries in public health/epidemiology. As to the linguistic communications documents published, these diaries normally publish in Portuguese, English, or Spanish, although most of the documents are published in Lusitanian ” ( Barreto & A ; Barata, 2008 ) .

This is a mature measure in the right way for Brazil. Puting their research out at that place for other states to utilize is non merely good for occupational therapy, but for all other wellness attention Fieldss. Traveling the organic structure of research forward in Brazil will merely heighten cognition of their state and other states.