Federal Prison Comparison Instructor: Bob Bennett CJA/234 Mikki Dandreano June 20th, 2011 Martha Stewart, a woman known for her television shows magazines, home decorations and also her arrest for insider trading. Although she was not sentenced to a prison term for insider trading in the stock market. When it was time for Martha Stewart to receive her sentencing, she wanted to go to a prison located in Florida or Connecticut but instead she was sent to the Federal prison camp located in Alderson, West Virginia.
The Federal Prison Camp in Alderson, West Virginia is a minimum security facility that holds only women offenders. This facility opened in April of 1927 and was the first Federal Prison camp just for women. “Now this camp is the largest minimum security facility in the federal prison system” (Alderson Federal Prison Camp, 2011). Alderson employees 195 staff members that are on full time status, and can hold up to 677 inmates. This federal prison camp is located in a remote secluded part of West Virginia, sitting on 95 acres of mountain.
Alderson Federal Prison camp holds women who have been convicted of non-violent crimes; the women are housed in a dorm type setting. This prison has actually earned the name “Camp Cupcake” by the media and quite a few of the residence. Alderson has held some famous female inmates; from Martha Stewart to Billie Holiday, a cult member of Charles Manson that went by the name of Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme the media and quite a few of the residence. Ivan Boesky was an American stock trader and was arrested for insider trading scandals in the mid 1980’s. When indicted on the charges that were brought against him, Boesky was sent to Southern California to a Federal Prison called Lompoc Federal Prison, also known as Club Fed West”(Manning, J, Wolves On Wall street, 2011). Lompoc is a famous minimum-security prison that used to be free of watchtowers, walls and fences; however it is being turned over to house inmates who have more of a violent crime history. Before releasing this prison over to violent offenders, inmates used to be able to walk around, jog and play tennis while the guards were unarmed. Lompoc now is a medium security prison that as an adjacent prison camp for minimum security inmates. “This prison houses only men and is located about 175 miles northwest of Los Angeles; it is near Vandenberg Air Force Base” (Federal Bureau of Prisons, FCC Lompoc). “Michael Milken, pleaded guilty to six felonies in 1990, he had popularized the use of high-risk, high-yield securities when he headed the junk-bond department at Drexel” (The Tech. Online Edition, February 28, 1992). Once convicted, Milken was sent to Federal Prison Camp Pleasanton in California, which is a minimum-security facility.
Milken, like Martha Stewart and Ivan Boesky, were all sent to Federal Prison camps; which are as low security as a federal prison facility can be. There are no walls or barbed wire fences to keep the inmates within certain boundaries and the guards are normally unarmed. The only difference between the three different camps that Milken, Stewart and Boesky were sent to, is that Stewart was sent to a Federal prison camp that contains women only and Milken and Boesky were sent to Federal Prison camps that house only men.
Manuel Noriega was a Panamanian politician and soldier; in 1989 the United States invaded Panama, where Noriega was captured and detained; he was then flown to the United states and tried on counts including drug trafficking, money laundering, and racketeering. Upon conviction of his crimes, Noriega was placed in the Federal Detention Center located in Miami, Florida. This detention center houses male and female inmates and is located east of Miami. The Federal Detention center of Miami opened in 1995 and can house up to 2000 people. The majority of the people being housed at the Federal Detention Center in Miami are prisoners of the U.
S. Marshals Service. Timothy McVeigh was a United States Army soldier who drove a truck containing bombs in front of a building and detonated it; McVeigh’s attack killed 168 people and injured 450. McVeigh was charged with 11 federal counts which included conspiracy, use of weapons of mass destruction, and eight counts of first-degree murder; upon being found guilty McVeigh was sentenced to the death penalty to be served at Terre Haute Penitentiary. Terre Haute Penitentiary, located in Indiana, is a high-security facility that houses only male inmates. The high-security facilities have walls and reinforced fences, inmates are housed together in cells, with a high staff-to-inmate ratio”(Federal Bureau of Prisons, Types and General Information). The guards keep a close eye on inmates. Terry Nichols, who was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole, for being the main collaborator in the Oklahoma City Bombing with Timothy McVeigh. Nichols was convicted of 161 counts of first degree murder, of these 161 counts, one included a fetal homicide. Nichols was given 161 consecutive life sentences to be carried out at ADX Florence; which is a maximum security prison in Colorado.
This Maximum security prison also has a minimum security satellite prison camp on the grounds that houses male prisoners. “This “Supermax” prison has held inmates such as The Unabomber, Ramzi Yousef; the master mind behind the 1993 attacks on the World Trade Center and Robert Hanssen a Russian mole inside the FBI”(Inmate: ADX Florence (Supermax), 2011). Al Capone, one of the most notable residents on Alcatraz, aka the Rock. Capone was a gangster who was the leader of organized crime in Chicago during the 1920’s. In 1931, Capone was indicted on 23 counts of income tax evasion.
Capone was sent to Altanta State prison; in this prison he became a kingpin. He had guards who were working for him, providing him with lush accommodations within his cell. Capone was then sent to Alcatraz because it was cut off from the rest of the world. Alcatraz was for “big criminals” such as Al Capone and Machine Gun Kelly. This prison was put on an island away from civilization. The guards who worked on Alcatraz would normally move to the island because they would work such long hours to watch over the inmates who were sentenced to this rock.
John Gotti was another American Mobster. In 1992, Gotti was convicted of five murders, conspiracy to commit murder, obstruction of justice, racketeering and loan sharking. He was sentenced to life in prison and sent to The United States Penitentiary, Marion. This penitentiary was built to replace Alcatraz and was the highest security prison. Inmates such as Capone, McVeigh, Nichols and Gotti were all violent criminals who took the lives of others; they were placed in prisons that were of the highest-security levels where they could be watched and controlled.
People who committed non-violent acts were put in Federal Prison “camps” that basically had no security levels; they were allowed to do as they pleased and were placed in dorm type settings where as the higher security leveled prisons, the inmates were placed with others and were under surveillance at all times. References: The West Virginia Encyclopedia, Alderson Federal Prison Camp, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www. wvencyclopedia. org/articles/184 Manning, J. Wolves on Wall Street. The Eighty’s Club, The Politics and Pop Culture of the 1980’s. 2000.
Retrieved from: http://eightiesclub. tripod. com/id316. htm Federal Bureau of Prisons. FCC Lompoc. Retrieved from: http://www. bop. gov/locations/institutions/lox/index. jsp Zonana, V. February 28, 1992 The Tech Online Edition. Milken to pay $500M, Serve 40 Months under Settlement. Retrieved from: http://tech. mit. edu/V112/N9/milken. 09w. html Federal Bureau of Prisons. USP Terre Haute. Retrieved from: http://www. bop. gov/locations/institutions/thp/index. jsp NNDB. Inmate: ADX Florence. , 2011. Retrieved from: http://www. nndb. com/lists/717/000134315/